Italy will work with the United Kingdom at COP26. Their role will be largely in the preparatory work, such as organizing a pre-COP session and a youth event entitled Youth4Climate: Driving Ambition 2020. The events were to take place in Milan from 28 September to 2 October 2020.  The Paris Agreement involves years of work in the fight against climate change. In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In 2005, the Kyoto Protocol became a legally binding treaty. It called on its parties to achieve internationally binding emission reduction targets. It will end in 2020 and COP21 is expected to take its place. As part of the Paris Agreement, countries presented planned national contributions to reducing greenhouse gas emissions compared to a “business as usual” scenario. Under the Paris Agreement, each country should submit enhanced nationally defined contributions every five years to strengthen climate change mitigation ambitions.  Since the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2015 at the 2015 UN Climate Change Conference, the 2020 conference is expected to be the first iteration of the ratchet mechanism.
Future iterations will also take into account the `global balance sheet`, the first of which will be in 2023. In light of the above, 179 countries and the EU spent two weeks in Paris in December 2015 to draft the final text of an agreement to keep global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius and, if possible, below 1.5 degrees Celsius. The 2020 Climate Ambition Summit will mark the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement and will provide a platform for government and non-government politicians to demonstrate their commitment to the Paris Agreement and the multilateral process. Patricia Espinosa, Secretary of the UNFCCC, tweeted that “given the persistent impact of COVID-19, it is not possible to have an ambitious COP26, including in November 2020.”  She also said that when economies recover, it will be an opportunity to “create the 21st century economy in a clean, green, healthy, fair, secure and more resilient way.”  The new date was announced in May 2020.  In early 2021, the United Kingdom and Italy will host G7 and G20 summits respectively.  Independent observers have noted that, although the postponement of the international community is not directly linked, the international community has had time to react to the results of the US presidential elections in November 2020.   President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the Paris Agreement, although this could not enter into force until November 4, 2020; While his Democratic challengers have pledged to immediately accede to the Paris agreement and strengthen emissions reduction ambitions.  Initially, the event was scheduled to take place at the same location in November 2020, the event was postponed for twelve months due to the COVID 19 pandemic.
Please follow and like us: