Nevertheless, foreign trade between China and the United States will grow only slowly. The most important aspect of trade should be American technology, which China likes to learn and import. On March 1, 1979, the two countries officially established embassies in the capitals of the other country. In 1979, outstanding private debts were settled and a bilateral trade agreement was concluded. Vice President Walter Mondale responded to Vice Premier Deng`s visit with a trip to China in August 1979. This visit resulted in agreements on maritime affairs, civil aviation and textile issues in September 1980, as well as a bilateral consular convention. U.S. Commerce Secretary Juanita M. Kreps signed the agreement in the canton after Chinese Foreign Trade Secretary Li Qiang signed it in Beijing. The various cities indicated that there was still some burden between the two counts of the agreement. Nevertheless, the initialization meant that Ms. Kreps had achieved an important goal during her visit to China.
The trade agreement still has to overcome obstacles before it can be signed. The initialization simply means that officials in charge of both governments have approved it, but both governments now have the opportunity to verify it and add their own approval. It will then go to Congress for final approval. For the initialization here at the Dongfang Hotel in Canton, there was Chen Jie, a deputy minister of foreign trade. He and Ms. Kreps hailed the agreement as a “great step towards a complete normalization” of China-U.S. economic relations. Vice Prime Minister Deng Xiaoping`s visit to Washington in January 1979 opened a series of important and high-level exchanges that lasted until the spring of 1989. This has led to numerous bilateral agreements, particularly in the areas of scientific, technological and cultural exchanges and trade relations. Since the beginning of 1979, the United States and the People`s Republic of China have launched hundreds of joint research projects and cooperation programs under the Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement, the largest bilateral program.  Since the renewal of U.S.-China relations in early 1979, the Taiwan issue remains a major cause of controversy.
After announcing its intention to establish diplomatic relations with mainland China on 15 December 1978, the Republic of China (Taiwan) immediately condemned the United States, leading to widespread protests in both Taiwan and the United States.  In April 1979, the U.S. Congress signed the Taiwan Relations Act which allowed unofficial relations with Taiwan to prosper on the one hand the U.S. law and, on the other, to provide Taiwan with defensive weapons. Relations following normalization were threatened in 1981 by the CPP`s objections to the level of arms sales to the United States to the Republic of China in Taiwan. Foreign Minister Alexander Haig visited China in June 1981 to allay China`s concerns about America`s unofficial relations with Taiwan. Vice President Bush visited the People`s Republic of China in May 1982. Eight months of negotiations culminated in the joint U.S.-PRC communiqué of August 17, 1982.
In the third communiqué, the United States stated its intention to gradually reduce the level of arms sales to the Republic of China, and the PRC characterized its efforts as a peaceful solution to the Taiwan issue as a fundamental policy.
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